The need for construction of refrigerators is growing rapidly. Consumption of fresh products with a shorter shelf life is in demand, which means that an efficient distribution network is crucial for quality customer service.

How to design a warehouse profitably?

This approach requires careful and comprehensive analysis at the design stage to achieve significant savings in operating costs. In fact, a cooling warehouse is designed for the type of product that will be stored, storage temperature and how long it will be on the shelves. Here are five key factors that affect your construction budget to keep in mind:

1.  Energy efficiency

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Energy efficiency is a top priority in the construction of low-temperature warehouses. One of the biggest current expenses of equipment operators is energy consumption, the cost of which reaches tens or even hundreds of thousands of hryvnias per month. The orientation of the building can also increase energy efficiency, as rooms with a higher temperature are located in the southern part of the building, and rooms with a lower temperature — in the northern part.

2.  Refrigeration equipment

NFactors affecting the efficiency of the refrigeration system include the choice of:

  • compressor

  • condenser

  • evaporator and air unit

  • frequency-adjustable drives

  • a set of other energy-efficient solutions (floating condensation pressure, hot steam defrost, recuperation, remote monitoring and scheduling systems).

Control systems allow engineers to generate change analysis, alarm logs, power management data, and operation reports in real time.

These data allow them to make the necessary changes and modifications to ensure the operation of the refrigeration system with optimal efficiency.

3.  Cooling control

In addition to mechanical efficiency, automation can significantly increase cooling efficiency and optimize energy use. The growing cost of labor, modern advances in technology and equipment improvements — all these contribute to the growth of automation in refrigerators and beyond.

4.  Thermal insulation and construction materials

Given the tremendous energy needs of refrigerated warehouses, it is very important to build a thermally efficient vapor barrier of structural integrity.

It is necessary to consider many thermal details, including:

  • insulation thickness of floors, walls and roof;

  • low-temperature doors;

  • choice of construction materials.

5.  Electricity

Electrical outages in the refrigeration warehouse can lead to food and financial losses.

When designing electrical networks you should take into account:

  • reliability and redundancy of local networks;

  • backup generation.

Changes of climate and weather conditions — combined with growing demand for fresh and frozen foods — are prompting companies to invest in backup generators to be able to continue operating in the event of a power outage.

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